On January 13, 1733, James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrived at Charleston South Carolina. Continue reading for what wikipedia has to say about this event.
Here is what wikipedia has to say about James Oglethorpe and the founding of South Carolina:
Oglethorpe sailed for 88 days, Arriving at South Carolina on the ship Ann in late 1732, and settled near the present site of Savannah, Georgia on February 12, 1733. He negotiated with the Yamacraw tribe for land and established (Oglethorpe became great friends with Chief Tomochichi, who was the chief of the Yamacraw) a series of defensive forts, most notably Fort Frederica, of which substantial remains can still be visited. He then returned to England and arranged to have slavery banned in Georgia. Oglethorpe and his fellow trustees were granted a royal charter for the Province of Georgia between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers on June 9, 1732. Georgia was a key contested area, lying in between the two colonies. It was Oglethorpe’s idea that British debtors should be released from prison and sent to Georgia. Although it is often repeated that this would theoretically rid Britain of its so-called undesirable elements, in fact it was Britain’s “worthy poor” whom Oglethorpe wanted in Georgia. Ultimately, few debtors ended up in Georgia, the colonists included many Scots whose pioneering skills greatly assisted the colony, and many of Georgia’s new settlers consisted of poor English tradesmen and artisans and religious refugees from Switzerland, France and Germany, as well as a number of Jewish refugees. The colony’s charter provided for acceptance of all religions except Roman Catholicism. The ban on Roman Catholic settlers was based on the colony’s proximity to the hostile settlements in Spanish Florida.
On 21 February 1734, Oglethorpe established the first Masonic Lodge within the British Colony of Georgia. Now known asSolomon’s Lodge No. 1, F. & A. M. it is the “Oldest Continuously Operating English Constituted Lodge of Freemasons in the Western Hemisphere”. For a period in 1736, Oglethorpe’s secretary was Charles Wesley, later well known as a hymnwriter ofMethodism.
Owing to the colony’s primary role as a military buffer between English and Spanish-held territories, the original model for the colonisation of Georgia excluded the use of slave labour, fearing that runaway slaves could internally weaken the colony and assist the enemy at St. Augustine. But, instead of slaves defecting southwards to the Spanish, runaways from the Carolinas found refuge in Georgia, thus irritating its northern neighbour. The banning of slavery also reduced the work force, and this was felt to be a constraint on Georgia’s early economic growth. Many settlers thus began to oppose Oglethorpe, regarding him as a misguided and “perpetual dictator”. Many new settlers soon set their eyes on South Carolina as a less restrictive and, they hoped, a more profitable place to settle. In 1750, after Oglethorpe had left the colony, the ban on slavery was lifted, and large numbers of slaves were soon imported.
In 1735, Oglethorpe visited Britain taking with him a delegation of Cherokee who met George II and his family at Kensington Palace.Oglethorpe was widely acclaimed in London, although his expansionism was not welcomed in all quarters. The Duke of Newcastle who directed British foreign policy, had tried to restrain Oglethorpe’s efforts in the colony for fear of offending the Spanish, who Newcastle wished unsuccessfully to court as an ally. Newcastle eventually relented, and became a supporter of the colony admitting “it will now be pretty difficult to give up Georgia”. The colony was one of three major disputes which worsened Anglo-Spanish relations in the late 1730s.